Chemical Resistance Guide

Polipol unsaturated polyester resins (UPR) and Polives epoxy vinyl ester resins were carefully designed and produced by Poliya. They present exceptional corrosion-resistant performance and fulfill critical requirements in Glass Reinforced Plastic (GRP) applications. This Chemical Resistance Guide provides reference information regarding the performance of Polipol and Polives resins under specific chemical environments and temperatures specifically for part designers and engineers of corrosion resistant GRP applications. The corrosion resistance data set forth in this guide is meant for theoretically ideal designs and correctly manufactured composite GRP parts.

Döküm Tipi
  • Product Range of GRP Applications

    UPR / Unsaturated Polyester Resins

     

    Polipol 3401 Orthophthalic, low-medium reactivity, unsaturated polyester resin. It is suitable for hand lay-up and spray-up production methods with quick and easy fiber wet out and low volumetric shrinkage.

    Polipol 351 High quality orthophthalic based, medium-high reactivity, UPR for GRP parts production. Ideal for hygienic food contact surfaces. It is suitable for hand lamination, spray-up, and pultrusion production methods with its high HDT values and excellent mechanical properties.

    Polipol 3872 Isophthalic based, medium-high reactivity, unsaturated polyester resin. Ideal for hygienic food contact surfaces. It is suitable for hand lay-up, spray-up, and pultrusion production methods with its high chemical resistance and hydrolitic stability as well as excellent mechanical properties.

    Polipol 3801 Isophthalic based, high reactivity, unsaturated polyester resin which has good chemical resistance and high HDT values.

    Polipol 381 Isophthalic acid/NPG based, highly reactive and high molecular weighted unsaturated polyester resin. Ideal for hygienic food contact surfaces. It is both chemical and UV resistant and has excellent mechanical properties as well as good adhesion qualities.

    Polipol 391 Bisphenolic based, highly reactive and high molecular weighted unsaturated polyester resin which has very high chemical and thermal resistance as well as special BPA.



     

    VE / Vinyl Ester Resins

    Polives 701 Bisphenol-A epoxy based, medium-high reactivity, low viscosity vinyl ester resin. Ideal for hygienic food contact surfaces. They have hydrolitic stability and provide additional resistance to a wide spectrum of acids, alkalines, bleaches and solvents in many chemical applications.

    Polives 711 Bisphenol-A epoxy based, medium-high reactivity vinyl ester resin. It offers hydrolitic stability and provide additional resistance to a wide spectrum of acids, alkalines, bleaches and solvents in many chemical applications. It also offers higher HDT values for high heat resistance applications and excellent mechanical properties.

    Polives 710 Halogenated, brominated, fire retardant medium-high reactivity vinyl ester resin that offers a high degree of chemical resistance and toughness. It is a resin used when both chemical resistance and flame retardancy are required.

    Polives 721 Epoxy novolac-based vinyl ester resins are designed to provide exceptional thermal and chemical resistance. It offers high resistance from solvents, acids and oxidizing substances (including chlorine). It's high retention of strength and toughness at higher temperatures makes it ideal for flue gas applications.

  • Introduction

    Polipol unsaturated polyester resins (UPR) and Polives epoxy vinyl ester resins were carefully designed and produced by Poliya. They present exceptional corrosion-resistant performance and fulfill critical requirements in Glass Reinforced Plastic (GRP) applications.

    This Chemical Resistance Guide provides reference information regarding the performance of Polipol and Polives resins under specific chemical environments and temperatures specifically for part designers and engineers of corrosion resistant GRP applications.

    The corrosion resistance data set forth in this guide is meant for theoretically ideal designs and correctly manufactured composite GRP parts.



     

    Optimal CRB Design
    Chemical Resistance Barrier

    When perfectly designed and executed, high caliber GRP parts and structures require a Chemical Resistance Barrier (CRB) thickness of 2,5-5,5 mm which is designed for contact with a specific chemical environment. CRB layers consist of:

    ① A first layer which is usually between 0,4-1,0mm thick, composed of 90-95% resin, is then reinforced by 1-2 surfacing veils (C-glass or Synthetic Veils).

    ② The second is a 2,0-4,5mm layer composed of 75% resin which has been reinforced with chopped strand mat (powder binder only).

    ③ Lastly, the CRB is backed with a structural lamination and is post cured which provides the mechanical rigidity and strength of the overall corrosion-resistant composite structure.

    Due to numerous factors that affect the performance of a laminate which are beyond Poliya’s control, no warranty regarding the use of Polipol UPR and Polives epoxy vinyl ester resins will be made. The service conditions shown in this guide are within the known capabilities of Polipol unsaturated polyester resins and Polives epoxy vinyl ester resins when laminates are properly designed, fabricated, post cured and installed.

    For the optimal designs of GRP equipment, Polives resins' users should refer to the appropriate industry standards and design guidelines. For more information, visit www.poliya.com.

  • How to Use this Chemical Resistance Guide

    Contents

    The listing of chemical environments contains the highest known temperature that GRP equipment which has been made with Polipol polyester and/or Polives vinyl ester resins have either displayed good service within industry or, have been tested in the field or in the laboratory with results that indicate model longevity of use.

    The given temperatures are not necessarily the maximum service temperature. The temperature data in each column is applicable to the derivative of each of the base resin (e.g., Polives 701 resin applies to 701-TA, 701-T, etc.). In the chemical resistance tables, a dash or blank space simply indicates that no data was available at the time that temperature ratings were assigned.

    Some chemical formulas are not represented in the table. You can find these formulas under the Complete Chemical Formulas sections (p.170) where reference codes (e.g. ref F1/R3) show which section the formulas can be found.

    Some chemicals have more than one name. In such cases, look for the reference "see chemical x" in the table.

    Food Contact
    The following resins are safe for the manufacturing of hygienic food contact surfaces and equipment. (See R7).

    • Polipol 351
    • Polipol 3872
    • Polipol 381
    • Polives 701
    • Polijel 213

    Regular Updates
    This guide is updated on a regular basis with new data (new products, other temperatures or concentrations, etc.) Please make sure you have the latest version of this guide.

    Request Information about Specific Chemical Resistance

    To inquire about resin recommendations for corrosion resistant applications, please prepare the following information:

    • List the chemical nature of all products along with their corresponding concentrations for a process or a batch. Be sure to include even trace amounts.
    • Service temperatures, including maximum and upset temperatures (with corresponding duration).
    • State: liquid/gas/solid (and risk of phasing or condensation, if applicable).
    • Type of equipment (tank, pipe, lining, etc.).
  • Annotations

    Information given here in the Chemical Resistance Guide Annotations is critical to ensure the longevity of GRP equipment. It is strongly recommended that they are followed.

    NR -Stands for “not recommended” at any temperature.

    LS -Stands for “limited service” (at least 3 days to 1 year at room temperature *maximum 40°C). Generally in these cases, the respective resins can be used for GRP that is exposed accidentally, and where cleaning and inspection are possible within 3 days. Usually sufficient for secondary containment.

    R1 -Inside solubility limits in aqueous solution.

    R2 -Request Safety Data Sheet from supplier to identify chemical.

    R3 -Contact Poliya technical support lab for specific recommendations.

    R4 -Make sure the solvent used in the solution is also suitable.

    R5 -High purity acids may cause discoloration during first exposures, please contact Poliya for further explanation.

    R6 -Using above recommended standard design temperature may require approval of the relevant authorities.

    R7 -For food contact applications, local regulations may apply.

    R8 -To maximize the service life post cure the GRP.

    R9 -Preference for Novolac based resins.

    R10 -For reactors, use Polives 701, 711 or 721 resins..

    R11 -To increase service life, use a Benzoyl Peroxide/Amine curing system.

    R12 -Only the highest known service temperature is given. It may be possible to use at higher temperatures.

    R13 -Can be used up to the maximum stable temperature for product.

    R14 -Use double synthetic veil in the chemical resistant barrier (CRB).

    R15 -Use double surfacing veil and a minimum of 5mm chemical resistant barrier (CRB).

    R16 -Use double C-veil in the chemical resistant barrier (CRB).

    R17 -Use acid resistant glass in the corrosion liner and structural walls.

    R18 -Use acid resistant glass in the CRB and structural walls if product will be used above 50°C.

    R19 -To increase service life, increase chemical resistant barrier (CRB) thickness accordingly.

    R20 -No condensation or coalescence, fumes.

  • Post curing

    For service temperatures below 100°C: Post curing GRPs can possibly prolong their service life if the operating temperature is within 20°C of the Chemical Resistance Guide maximum temperature for the service. Post curing can also be beneficial for solvent applications with a temperature limit of 25-40°C.

    For service temperatures above 100°C: Provided the resin's specific minimum barcol hardness values are reached before start up, post curing during service can possibly be sufficient.

    For service in pure and neutral salt solutions: Generally, post curing may not be required, provided no acetone sensibility is shown and the resin's specific minimum barcol hardness values are reached before start up.

    When using a BPO/ Amine curing system: Post curing is strongly recommended and should be done within two weeks of construction. The post cure conditions as detailed in DIN 18820 may be used for 701 and 711 at 80°C and for 721 resins at 100°C. Normally, 1 hour per mm thickness of the laminate (between 5 and 15 hours) is recommended.

    Veil varieties

    In general, both synthetic and glass veils are suitable for most chemical environments. However, Hydrofluoric acid (HF) containing chemical environments require the use of either synthetic or carbon veils. One veil layer will result in a final thickness of approximately 0,2-0,4mm. Both the thickness and the composition of the veil layer are equally important to the stability of the structure. Carbon veils show excellent resistance to many aggressive chemicals such as HF, HCl, NaOH but NOT NaOCl (Sodium Hypochlorite). Carbon veils can also be used to achieve conductive surfaces. An aperture synthetic veil (such as Nexus™ 100-10) offers extra thickness and is preferred to extend the service life of materials exposed to hot caustic solutions.

    Special Conditions

    Insufficient Information
    When no data is available regarding the environment or exposure conditions or said conditions are outside the scope of this guide, a test laminate must be exposed to the actual or simulated conditions proposed before a final decision on resin suitability is made.

    Coatings and Linings (reinforced and non-reinforced)
    Each coating or lining will have their own specific thermal expansion properties which may limit operating temperatures. Consult with Poliya's technical service department or a company which specializes in lining and coating technologies.

    For liquid environments, laminate linings can be more durable than other lining systems. In order to achieve the highest quality results, they should only be applied with hand lay-up and not by spray-up. Generally, if low or missing exotherm is observed during polymerization, that part should be post cured (see also Post curing). The thicker and better curing the lining, the higher the diffusion resistance and prolonged life expectancy can be expected from strongly diffusing environments such as HCl, HF, etc.

  • Hot Flue Gases
    Take care to ensure the temperature resistance of a synthetic veil is sufficient when it is recommended for hot gas environments. Otherwise, a carbon veil should be used. Special measures must be taken to prevent sub-dew point conditions in the laminate if the environment contains water vapor and/or acids.

    Intermittent Exposure or Spillage
    If exposure is short term and limited to fumes or spills only, it is possible to achieve extended service life at temperatures considerably higher than those discussed and in chemical environments shown as NR (not recommended. Consult with Poliya's technical service department. A test of the actual or simulated conditions proposed is necessary before a final decision on resin suitability is made.

    Synergetic Interactions
    The information in this guide represents the performance of full GRP structures in contact with the stated chemical environment (unless otherwise indicated) and under continuous use. Certain combinations of chemicals and their reactions toward GRPs can be unpredictable. It is possible for some mixtures to be more aggressive toward GRPs than the individual components. Aggressively synergistic chemicals should receive special attention as their reactions cannot be predicted from the corrosion properties of the individual components. Therefore, chemical resistance may be negatively influenced by using the same equipment for alternating storage or transport of different products, particularly where these products have widely differing properties, such as acids and bases that chemically react with each other.

    Safety Precautions

    Using Polipol UPR and Polives VE resins and the auxiliary materials (solvents, accelerators, catalysts, etc.) require extreme safety precautions. The necessary precautions for handling and using unsaturated polyesters are similar and will therefore be familiar to trained personnel. SDS Safety Data Sheets on all Polipol and Polives resins and auxiliary materials are available for customers. Please read these documents in their entirety before use.

    Notice

    The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The information provided on this document are prepared with long term laboratory tests and our own experiences. However, since as a material supplier, Poliya does not exercise any control over the use of Polipol and Polives resins, no legal responsibility is accepted for such recommendations. The information is given with goodwill to act as a guide but not as a reference. Poliya is not responsible for any damages or the user errors which may occur from using this document and/or information.

    It is highly recommended that you to conduct tests in your own working condition before using the product on your production line. Poliya shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained here in.

Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

A

Acetaldehyde - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Acetaldehyde - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Acetic Acid - - 0-25 NR 25 35 30 60 85 95 100 100 100
Acetic Acid - - 26-50 NR NR 25 40 60 75 80 80 80 80
Acetic Acid - - 51-75 NR NR 25 35 50 65 65 65 65 65
Acetic Acid - - 76-85 - - - - - - - 45 45 45
Acetic Acid (glacial) - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 40
Acetic Acid/ Nitric Acid/ Chromic Acid - - 3/5/3 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Acetic Acid/ Sulfuric Acid - - 20/10 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Acetic Anhydride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Acetone - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Acetone - - 10 NR 20 NR 25 NR 25 NR - 80 80
Acetone - - 20 - - - - - - - - - 40
Acetone - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Acetonitrile - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Acetonitrile - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Acetonitrile - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Acetyl Acetone - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Acetyl Acetone - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Acid Cleaner 31% Hydrochloric acid (R8,15,16,17) 31 - - - - - - - 65 65 80(R15)
Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Acrylaldehyde (Propenal) see Acrolein - - - - - - - - - - - -
Acrylamide - - 50 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Acrylic Acid - (R12) 25 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Acrylic Acid - - 100 NR - NR - - 35 NR NR NR LS
Acrylic Latex - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Acrylonitrile - - 7 NR NR NR NR NR NR 40 40 40 40
Acrylonitrile - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Acrylonitrile Latex dispersion - (R12) 2 - - - - - - - 25 25 25
Activated Carbon Beds water treatment - - - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Adipic Acid 1,5 g sol. in water at 25°C, soln. hot water - 23 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Air (GRP maximum surface temperature) max. surface temp. of the GRP (R6) - - - - - - - - 180 160 200
Alachlore, Herbicide - (R4) all - - - - - - - - - 40
Alcohol, Amyl - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Alcohol, Butyl - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Alcohol, Ethyl see Ethanol - - - - - - - - - - - -
Alcohol, Isodecyl - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 80
Alcohol, Propyl - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Alkaline Cleaner see Sodium and Potassium Hydroxides - - - - - - - - - - - -
Alkaline Solutions see Sodium, Potassium and Ammonium hydroxides, carbonates - - - - - - - - - - - -
Alkane Sulfonate see Sodium Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate - - - - - - - - - - - -
Alkyl (C8-C10) Dimethyl Amine - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Alkyl (C8-C18) Chloride - - >0,5 - - - - - - - 80 95 100
Alkyl Aryl Sulfonic Acid see Alkyl Benzene Sulfonic Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Alkyl Benzene Sulfonic Acid   (R3) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 95 100
Alkyl Tolyl Trimethyl Ammonium Chloride   - - - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Alkyldiphenyloxide Disulfonate Anionic Surfactant - all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Allyl Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Allyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 25
Alpha-Methylstyrene - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Alpha-Oleum Sulfates - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Alum - - sat'd   - - - - - - 100 100 120
Alumina Hydrate - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Aluminum Chloride - - sat'd 40 45 50 70 80 95 100 100 100 120
Aluminum Chlorohydrate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Aluminum Chlorohydrate/ Hydrochloric Acid - (R10,16,18) > 0,5 / < 15 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Aluminum Chlorohydroxide - - 50 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Aluminum Fluoride - - all - - - - - - - 25 25 25
Aluminum Hydroxide - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 95
Aluminum Nitrate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Aluminum Potassium Sulfate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Aluminum Sulfate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Aluminum Sulfate (reactor) - (R10) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 -
Amine Salts - - all - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Amine Scrubbing Scrub. Low Mol. wt. Amines with
10% Sulfuric Acid
- - - - - - - - - - - -
Amino Acids - - all - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Ammonia (aqueous) see Ammonium Hydroxide - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ammonia (dry gas) - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Ammonia (liquified gas) - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Ammonia (wet gas) - - 40 vol.% - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Ammonium Acetate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Ammonium Bicarbonate - - -0,5-50 - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Ammonium Bifluoride - (R14) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 65 - 65
Ammonium Bisulfite black liquor - - - - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Ammonium Bisulfite cooking liquor - - - - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Ammonium Bromate - - 0,5-43 - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Ammonium Bromide - - 0,5-43 - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Ammonium Carbonate - - > 0,5 NR NR NR NR NR 30 65 65 65 65
Ammonium Chloride - - > 0,5 40 45 50 70 80 95 100 100 100 100
Ammonium Citrate - - > 0,5 30 40 45 60 60 60 65 65 65 65
Ammonium Fluoride - (R14) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Ammonium Hydroxide - - 0,5-5 NR NR 25 NR 35 65 80 80 80 65
Ammonium Hydroxide - - 6-20 NR NR NR NR 25 50 60 65 65 40
Ammonium Hydroxide - - 61,7 (%30 NH3) NR NR NR NR NR 35 40 40 40 40
Ammonium Hydroxide and Ammonium comp. NH4OH/ NH4Cl/ (NH4)2CO3 (R14) (%30 NH3)/35/5 - - - - - - - 40 40 -
Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate - - 0,5-30 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Ammonium Ligno Sulfonate - - 0,5-50 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Ammonium Molybdate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 65 - -
Ammonium Nitrate - - sat'd 30 40 45 65 75 90 90 100 105 120
Ammonium Oxalate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 65 - -
Ammonium Pentaborate - - 0,5-12 - - - - - - - 50 - -
Ammonium Perchlorate - - 0,5-12 - - - - - - - 75 - -
Ammonium Persulfate - - > 0,5 - - - - - 70 80 100 100 100
Ammonium Phosphate (dibasic) - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Ammonium Phosphate (monobasic) - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Ammonium Polysulfide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 50 - 65
Ammonium Propionate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Ammonium Sulfate - - sat'd 40 45 50 70 80 90 100 100 105 120
Ammonium Sulfate/ Ethyl Alcohol/ Ethoxylate - - 60/15/3 - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Ammonium Sulfide (Bisulfide) - - sat'd - - - - - - - 50 - 50
Ammonium Sulfite - - sat'd - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Ammonium Thiocyanate - - 0,5-20 40 45 45 65 75 90 90 100 100 100
Ammonium Thiocyanate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Ammonium Thioglycolate - - all - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Ammonium Thiosulfate - - all - - - - - - - 60 60 60
Amyl Acetate - - > 0,5 NR NR NR 25 NR 25 NR 20 - 50
Amyl Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Amyl Alcohol (vapor) - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 100
Amyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Anaerobic Sewage - - - - 45 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50
Aniline - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Aniline - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 20
Aniline Hydrochloride - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Aniline Sulfate -   > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Animal Fat - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 80 - -
Anionic Surfactant - - all - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Anionic/ Cationic Polymer Emulsions Emulsion in water with Kerosene or Petroleum Distillates - 0-50 - - - - - - - 40 - 50
Anodize (15% Sulfuric acid) - - - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Antimony Pentachloride - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Aqua Regia - (R13) - NR NR NR NR NR NR NR - - -
Aromatic Naphtha/ Naphthalene/ Isopropanol     60/5/10 - - - - - - - - - 50
Arsenic Acid     > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Arsenic Acid/ Copper Sulfate/ Sodium Dichromate     17/37/20 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Arsenic Pentoxide/ Copper Oxide/ Chromic Acid     17/9/24 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Arsenious Acid     19°Be - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

B

Barium Acetate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 - 80
Barium Bromide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Barium Carbonate (slurry) - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Barium Chloride - - > 0,5 40 50 45 70 80 95 100 100 100 100
Barium Cyanide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Barium Hydroxide - - > 0,5 NR NR NR NR 20 30 65 65 65 65
Barium Sulfate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Barium Sulfide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Barley Solution, Malt - (R7) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 75 - -
Beer   (R7) > 0,5 - - 55 - - - 50 50 - -
Benzaldehyde - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 20
Benzalkonium Chloride - - diluted - - - - - - - 40 - -
Benzene - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 40
Benzene (vapor) - - vapor NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 25 NR 50
Benzene 50°C - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Benzene Sulfonic Acid - (R3) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Benzene/ Ethylbenzene - - 33/67 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Benzene/ Ethylbenzene - - 80/20 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Benzenesulfonyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Benzoic Acid - - sat'd 40 50 50 70 70 95 100 100 100 100
Benzoyl Benzoic Acid o-Benzoyl Benzoic Acid - all - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Benzyl Alcohol - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Benzyl Alcohol - - 100 NR 25 25 30 NR 25 NR NR NR 40
Benzyl Chloride - (R8) 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 40
Benzyltrimethylammonium Chloride - - 60 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Black Liquor (pulp mill) - (R8,14) thin - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Black Liquor recovery, furnace gases - (R3,6) - - - - - - - - 165 165 205
Black Liquor, thick/ heavy (pulp mill) - (R8,14) thick - - - - - - - 95 105 105
Blow Down from Pulp Digester noncondensable gases (R15) - - - - - - - - 120 120 120
Borax - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Boric Acid - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 80 95 90 100 100 100
Boron Trichloride Scrubbing - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Brake Fluids - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 50(R12)
Brass Plating Bath Solution ref F15 Cu, Zn, NaCN, Na2CO3 (R14) - - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Brine Mix ref F18 MgSO4, NaCl, Na2SO4, K2SO4, CaSO4, Na2SO3 - - - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Brine, Chlorinated see Chlorinated Brine - - - - - - - - - - - -
Brine, Salt - (R7) sat'd - - - - - - - 100 110 120
Brine, Salt - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Brominated Phosphate Ester - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - - - 50
Bromine (dry gas) - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 40(R12)
Bromine (liquid) - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Bromine (wet gas) - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Bromine in Water no pure Bromine phase - < sat'd - - - - - - - - - 80
Brown Stock - - - - - - - - - - 95 95 80
BTEX (Monoaromatic hydrocarbon mix) Benzene/ Ethyl Benzene/ Toluene/Trimethyl Benzene/ Xylene - all - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Bunker C Fuel Oil (heavy fraction) - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 105
Butadiene (gas) - (R8) 100 - - - - - - - 45 45 45
Butane - - 100 - - - - - - - 60 60 60
Butanol - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Butyl Acetate - - 100 NR NR  NR NR  NR NR NR NR NR 30
Butyl Acrylate - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Butyl Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Butyl Alcohol/ Benzene - - 93/4 - - - - - - - NR NR 50
Butyl Amine n-Butyl Amine - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Butyl Benzoate n-Butyl Chloride - 70 - - - - - - - - - 40
Butyl Benzyl Phthalate - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Butyl Chloride - - 0,1-100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Butyl Hypochlorite - - 98 - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Butyl Stearate 5% in Mineral Spirits - - - - - - - - - 40 - -
Butylene Glycol - - 100 - - - - - - - 70 70 80
Butylene Oxide - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Butyraldehyde - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Butyric Acid - - 0,5-50 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Butyric Acid - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

C

Cadmium Chloride - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Cadmium Cyanide Plating Bath Soln. ref F9 CdO, NaCN, NaOH (R14) - NR NR NR  NR - 80 80 80 80 80
Calcium Bisulfite - - > 0,5 30 40 45 60 65 80 90 100 100 100
Calcium Bromide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Calcium Carbonate (lime stone slurry) - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Calcium Chlorate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Calcium Chlorate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Calcium Chlorate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 105 120
Calcium Hydroxide (lime) - (R14) 100 NR 20 35 30 45 60 80 100 100 100
Calcium Hydroxide (slurry) - (R14) 0,5-25 - - - - - - - 80 80 40
Calcium Hypochlorite - (R8,11,13,16) all NR NR NR NR NR NR 80 80 80 40
Calcium Nitrate - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 80 95 100 100 100 100
Calcium Sulfate Slurry - - all 40 50 50 70 80 95 95 100 100 100
Calcium Sulfite - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Capric Acid see Decanoic Acid (R4) - - - - - - - - - - -
Capric Acid/ Lauric Acid/ Fatty Acids C10-C18 - 70/15/15 - - - - - - - 80 80 95
Caproic Acid see Hexanoic Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Caprolactam - - 0-50 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Caprolactam - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Caprolactone - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Caprylic Acid (Octanoic Acid) - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Caramel - (R7) all - - - - - - - 50 - -
Carbon Dioxide (gas) - (R6) all 40 50 50 70 80 95 65 165 165 205
Carbon Disulfide - (R20) all - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Carbon Disulfide - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR 90 NR NR LS
Carbon Monoxide (gas)   (R6) all 50 75 70 120 80 110 80 165 165 205
Carbon Tetrachloride - - 100 20 20 25 30 NR 30 NR 65 65 80
Carbon Tetrachloride (vapor) - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 95
Carboxyethyl Cellulose - - 10 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Cashew Nut Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 65 - -
Castor Oil (Ricinus Oil) - - 100 50 75 70 110 65 110 NR 70 70 70
Cationic/ Anionic Polymer Emuls. Emulsion in water with Kerosene or Petroleum Distillates - 0-50 - - - - - - - 40 - 50
Caustic see Sodium Hydroxide - - - - - - - - - - - -
Cetyl alcohol (Hexadecanol) - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Chlordimeform Insecticide   - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Chloric Acid - - all - - - - - - - 25 25 25
Chlorinated Brine pH < 2,5 (R15) sat'd Cl2 - - - - - - - 80 80 95
Chlorinated Brine pH 2.5-9 (R3) sat'd Cl2 - - - - - - - LS LS LS
Chlorinated Brine pH > 9 (Hypochlorite) (R8,11,16) sat'd Cl2 - - - - - - - 80 80 65
Chlorinated Pulp (pulp mill)   (R3) all - - - - - - - 80 90 95
Chlorinated Solvent Recovery see Solvent name - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chlorinated Wax - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Chlorination Washer (hoods and vents) - - all vapor - - - - - - - 80 80 95
Chlorine (dry gas) - (R8,15,19) 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Chlorine (wet gas) - (R8,15,19) 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Chlorine Dioxide (Chlorine) Bleaching solution with or without pulp (R3) all - - - - - - - 80 90 95
Chlorine Dioxide (no Chlorine) Bleaching solution with or without pulp (R3) all - - - - - - - 80 90 95
Chlorine Dioxide (solution storage) - - sat'd - - - - - - - 20 20 20
Chlorine Dioxide Generator Effluent R2 system Chlorine Dioxide generator - - - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Chlorine Dioxide Scrubber   (R8,11,14) - - - - - - - - 75 75 -
Chlorine Water see Chlorinated Brine - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chlorine/ Chlorine Dioxide/ Sulfur Dioxide - - 0,8/2/0,7 - - - - - - - 95 95 95
Chlorine-Hydrogen Chloride with aqueous condensate (R6,15,16,18) %8-10 HCl - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Chloroacetic Acid - - 0-25 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Chloroacetic Acid - - 26-50 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Chloroacetic Acid - - 51-79 - - - - - - - 25 25 30
Chloroacetic Acid - - 80-85 - - - - - - - 25 25 25
Chloroacetic Acid - - 86-100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Chlorobenzene - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR 65 NR NR 40
Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) 113 (Trichlorotrifluoroethane) - - - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) mix R-11 (Trichlorofluoromethane), R-12 (Dichlorodifluoromethane) - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Chloroform - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Chloroform - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Chloroform/ Dichloroethane/ Methylene Chloride - - all               NR NR LS
Chloro-o-Tolyl (insecticide emulsion) n-Chloro-o-Tolyl - 10 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Chloropentane (1 to 5 Cl) - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 55
Chloropicrin (Nitrochloroform) - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Chloropyridine (tetra) - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Chlorosulfonic Acid - - 10 - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Chlorotoluene - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Choline Chloride   - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Chrome (hard) Plating Bath Solution Plating Bath Solution with Sulfuric Acid - - - - - - - - - NR - -
Chrome (hard) Plating Bath Solution   - - - - - - - - - 60 - -
Chrome Bath 19% Chromic Acid with Sodium Fluorosilicate and Sulfate (R14) - - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Chrome Reduction Process - (R3) 25 - - - - - - - 90 90 -
Chromic Acid - - 0,5-10 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Chromic Acid - - 11-20 NR NR NR 25 30 30 65 50 65 65
Chromic Acid - - 30 NR NR NR NR 25 30 40 LS LS LS
Chromic Acid - - 40 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Chromic Acid/ Nitric Acid Mixture - - 5/10 - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Chromic Acid/ Sodium Metabisulfite - - 15/45 - - - - - - - 50 65 65
Chromic Acid/ Sulfuric Acid Mixture maximum total concentration 10% - 10 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Chromium Plating Bath Plating Bath Solution with Sulfuric Acid - - - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Chromium Plating Bath Plating Bath with Salt Solution - - - - - - - - - 55 55 55
Chromium Sulfate (water soluble forms) - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Citric Acid - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 NR 100 100 100
Clopidol - (R4) all - - - - - - - - - 40
Cobalt Chloride - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Cobalt Chloride (reactor) Hydrochloric-, Sulfuric Acid (R10) 40 - - - - - - - - - -
Cobalt Citrate - - 12 - - - - - - - 80 - 80
Cobalt Nitrate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Coconut Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 95
Cod-liver Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 40 - -
Copper Chloride - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 105 120
Copper Chloride and Ammonium Compounds ref F6 CuCl2, NH4Cl, NH4OH (seeAmmonium Hydroxide) - 26/5/2 - - - - - - - - - -
Copper Cyanide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Copper Cyanide and Potassium Compounds Copper Cyanide/ Potassium Cyanide/ Potassium Hydroxide (R14) 7/2,5/2 - - - - - - - 65 65 25
Copper Cyanide Plating Bath Solution ref F5 Cu, NaCN, KNaC4H4O6·4H2O - - - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Copper Matte Dipping Bath Solution 30% Iron (III) Chloride, 19% Hydrochloric acid (R15,16,17) - - - - - - - - 80 95 95
Copper Nitrate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Copper Plating Bath Solution ref F4 Cu(BF4)2, Cu2SO4 (R14) - - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Copper Sulfate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Corn Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Corn Starch - (R7) semi wet - - - - - - - 100 - -
Corn Sugar/ Syrup (Glucose) - (R7) all - - - - - - - 80 - -
Cottonseed Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Crude Oil (Sweet and Sour) - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Cumene - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Cumene/ Toluene/ Xylene - - all - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Cupric Chloride see Copper Chloride - - - - - - - - - - - -
Cyanide Disposal Reaction with Hypo (gives Sodium Thiosulfite) - - - - - - - - - - - 40
Cyanuric Acid - - all - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Cyanuric Chloride - (R4) all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Cyclohexane - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Cyclohexylamine - - 100 - - - - - - - - - 40
Cyclopentane - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

D

                         
Dalapon, Sodium salt also 2,2- dichloropropionic acid and sodium salt - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Decanoic Acid (Capric Acid) - (R4) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Decanol - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 80
DEHPA and Kerosene Di-2-Ethylhexyl Phosphoric Acid - 20 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Deionized Water see Water (deionized) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Demineralized Water see Water (demineralized) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Detergents (organic) - - all - - - - 25 - 70 80 70 -
Detergents (sulfonated) see Sulfonated Detergents - - - - - - - - - - - -
De-waxed Paraffin Distillate - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Diacetone Alcohol - - 10 - - - - - - - - 40 50
Diacetone Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Diallyl Phthalate - - all 40 45 50 60 50 70 80 80 - 100
Diammonium Phosphate -   > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Dibasic Acid Acid mix 51-61% Glutaric, 18-28% Succinic, 15-25% Adipic, 2% Nitric - > 0,5-50 - - - - - - - 80 80 95
Dibromonitrilo-Propionamide - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Dibromophenol - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Dibromopropane - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Dibromopropanol - - 100 - - - - - - - - - 40
Dibutyl Carbitol Diethylene glycol dibutyl ether - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Dibutyl Ether - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 - 80
Dibutyl Phthalate - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 - 100
Dibutyl Sebacate - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 - 65
Dichloroacetic Acid see Chloroacetic Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dichlorobenzene (ortho and para) - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 50
Dichloroethane - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 25
Dichloroethylene - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Dichloromethane (Methylene Chloride) - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic (Acid,salts,esters and comp.) (R4) - - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Dichloropropane - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Dichloropropane - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Dichloropropionic Acid - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Dichlorotoluene - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Diesel Fuel - - 100 20 35 30 45 25 40 80 80 80 100
Diethanolamine - - 100 NR NR NR NR 30 50 25 50 50 65
Diethanolamine/ Ethanolamine - - 80/20 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Diethyl Carbonate - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Diethyl Ether - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Diethyl Formamide - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Diethyl Formamide - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Diethyl Hydroxylamine - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Diethyl Ketone - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Diethyl Ketone - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 25
Diethyl Sulfate - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Diethylamine - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Diethylamine - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Diethylaminoethanol - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Diethylbenzene - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Diethylene Glycol - - 100 40 50 55 80 75 95 90 80 80 100
Diethylene Glycol Dimethylether - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Diethylene Glycol Dimethylether - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C
Diethylene Glycol Methyl Ether - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Diethylene Glycol n-Butyl Ether Ethanol, 2-(2-butoxy-ethoxy) CAS 112-34-5 - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid Sodium salt - 40 - - - - - - - 40 50 50
Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid - - all - - - - - - - 40 50 50
Diglycolamine (Aminoethoxyethanol) - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Diglycolamine (Aminoethoxyethanol) - - 50 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Diglycolamine (Aminoethoxyethanol) - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Diisobutyl Ketone - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 50
Diisobutyl Phthalate - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Diisobutylene - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Diisonoyl Phthalate - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 100
Diisopropanolamine - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Dimethyl Acetamide - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Dimethyl Acetamide - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Dimethyl Acetamide - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Dimethyl Amine - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Dimethyl Amine - - 40 - - - - - - - LS LS LS
Dimethyl Aniline - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Dimethyl Morpholine - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 50
Dimethyl Phthalate - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Dimethyl Sulfate - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Dimethyl Sulfate - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Dimethyl Sulfate - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Dimethyl Thiazolidine 2,2-Dimethyl Thiazolidine - 1 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Dimethyl Tin Dichloride/ Methyl Tin Tri-chloride Aqueous solution of 90/10 (R12) 50 - - - - - - - - - 45
Dimethylamine salt 2,4-D, Dimethylamine salt - 67 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Dimethylammonium Hydrochloride Dimethylamine HCl, DMA-HCl - 70 - - - - - - - 40 40 50(R12)
Dimethylcarbonate - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Dimethylethanolamine - - 20 - - - - - - - 50 - 60
Dimethylethanolamine - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Dimethylformamide - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Dimethylformamide - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Dimethylformamide - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Dimethylformamide/ Acetonitrile/ Methanol - - 26/9/7 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Dioctyl Phthalate - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 100
Diphenyl Oxide Diphenyl Ether, Phenyl Ether - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Diphenylmethane-4,4-Diisocyanate (MDI) - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Dipotassium phosphate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Dipropylene Glycol - - 100 NR 50 55 80 75 95 80 80 80 100
Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether Propanol, (2- Methoxy-methylethoxy) CAS 34590-94-8 - 20 - - - - - - - 40 50 65
Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether Propanol, (2- Methoxy-methylethoxy) CAS 34590-94-8 - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 20
Dishwashing Detergent in Solution - (R2) all - - - - - - - 80 80 65
Distilled Water see Water (distilled) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Divinylbenzene - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Dodecanol see Lauryl Alcohol - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dodecene - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Dodecyl Benzene Sulfonic Acid   (R3) 100 - - - - - - - 80 95 100
Dodecyl Benzene Sulfonic Acid Mixture Dodecyl Benzene Sulfonic Acid/ Sulfuric Acid/ Water/ Oil - 85/10/4/1 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Dodecyldimethylamine - - 100 - - - -- - - - 80 80 100
Dodecylmercaptan - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
DowTherm Heat Transfer Agent - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

E

                         
Epichlorohydrin - - 100 - - - - - - - LS NR 25
Epoxidized Castor Oil - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 - -
Epoxidized Soybean Oil - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Esters, Fatty Acid - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Ethanol - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - 65 80 80
Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol) - - 10 25 30 30 30 30 40 50 50 50 65
Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol) - - 50 NR 20 25 30 25 30 40 40 40 65
Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol) - - 90-95 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol) - - 100 NR 20 25 30 25 25 NR NR NR 40
Ethanol/ Ethylacetate/ Methanol/ DMF - - 35/29/10/10 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Ethanolamine - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Ethanolamine - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Ethephon - - 100 - - - - - - - - - 40
Ethoxy Acetic Acid - - 10 - - - - - - - - - 40
Ethoxy Acetic Acid - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Ethoxylated Alcohol C12-C14 - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Ethoxylated Alkyl Amines C12 and higher molecular wt. - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Ethoxylated Nonyl Phenol - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Ethyl Acetate - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Ethyl Acetate - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 25
Ethyl Acetate/ Sodium Hydroxide - (R8,14) 4/0-50 - - - - - - - 50 50 40
Ethyl Acrylate - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Ethyl Amine - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Ethyl Amine - - 70 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Ethyl Benzyl Chloride - (R8) 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Ethyl Bromide - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Ethyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Ethyl Ether - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Ethyl Silicate - - 100 - - - - - - - - - 40
Ethyl Sulfate - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Ethyl-3-Ethoxy Propionate - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Ethylbenzene - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Ethylbenzene/ Benzene - - 67/33 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Ethylene Chloride see Dichloroethane - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ethylene Chlorohydrin - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 50 65
Ethylene Chlorohydrin - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Ethylene Diamine - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Ethylene Diamine - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Ethylene Dibromide - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Ethylene Dichloride see Dichloroethane - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ethylene Dichloride/ EDB/ TEL ED/ Ethylene Dibromide/ Tetra Ethyl Lead (over water sol.) - 5/5/5 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Ethylene Glycol - - 100 NR 20 35 30 45 60 90 100 100 100
Ethylene Glycol based Coolants - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Ethylene Glycol n-Butylether Ethanol, (2-butoxy) CAS 111-76-2 - 20 - - - - - - - 40 50 65
Ethylene Glycol n-Butylether Ethanol, (2-butoxy) CAS 111-76-2 - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Ethylene Glycol/Sulfuric Acid - - 0-40/0-10 - - - - - - - 65 80 80
Ethylene Oxide - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA) - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Ethylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt - (R3) all - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Ethylhexyl Alcohol 2-Ethylhexyl Alcohol - 100 - - - - - - - 65 70 80
Eucalyptus Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 60 60 60
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

F

                         
Fatty Acid/ Sterol/ Triglyceride - - all - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Fatty Acid/ Sulfuric Acid - (R10) 5/ 2 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Fatty Acids - - all - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Ferric Acetate - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Ferric Chloride - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Ferric Chloride/ Ferrous Chloride - - 5/20 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Ferric Chloride/ Ferrous Chloride/ HCl - - 48/0,2/0,2 - - - - - - - 100 100 105
Ferric Chloride/ Hydrochloric Acid   (R15,16,18) 0-29/1-20 - - - - - - - 80 80 105
Ferric or Ferrous Sulfate/ Sulfuric Acid - - 0-40/0-25 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Ferric Sulfate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Ferrous Chloride - - > 0,5 35 40 45 65 70 90 95 100 100 100
Ferrous Chloride and compounds/ HCl Ferrous Chloride+Manganese Chloride+Ferric Chloride/ HCl (R15,16,18) 1-60/0-20 - - - - - - - 80 100 100
Ferrous Chloride/ Hydrochloric Acid - (R15,16,18) 0-29/1-20 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Ferrous Nitrate - - > 0,5 35 40 45 65 75 95 95 100 100 100
Ferrous Sulfate - - > 0,5 35 40 45 65 75 95 95 100 100 100
Fertilizer 32/ 0/ 0 Total wt. 32% Nitrogen in Urea and Ammonium Nitrate soln. - - - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Fertilizer 8/ 8/ 8 Total wt. 8% Nitrogen, 8% Phosphorus, 8% Potassium - - - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Flue Gas (dry) - (R6) all - - - - - - - 165 160 205
Flue Gas (wet) - - all NR NR 45 65 75 90 90 80 80 100
Fluoboric Acid - (R8,14) all - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Fluoride Salts/ Hydrochloric Acid - (R8,14) 30/10 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Fluorine in Flue Gas (wet) - (R8,14) 2 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Fluosilicic Acid - (R8,14) 0-10 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Fluosilicic Acid - (R8,14) 11-20 NR NR NR 35 35 35 50 60 60 60
Fluosilicic Acid - (R8,14) 21-35 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Fluosilicic Acid Fumes - (R8,14) all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Fluosilicic/ Hydrofluoric/ Phosphoric Acids - (R8,14) 22/5/5 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Fluozirconic Acid/ Fluotitanic Acid/ NH4OH Fluozirconic Acid/ Fluotitanic Acid/ Ammonium Hydroxide (R8,14) 5/4/3 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Fly Ash Slurry - - - - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Formaldehyde - - all 25 - - - - - 50 50 50 65
Formaldehyde/ Methanol - - 0-37/0-15 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Formamide - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 50 65
Formamide - - 100 - - - - - - - 20 20 20
Formic Acid - - 10 20 25 35 55 65 80 80 80 80 80
Formic Acid - - 25 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Formic Acid - - 50 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Formic Acid - - 85 - - - - - - - 25 40 40
Formic Acid - - 98 NR NR NR NR NR NR 40 - - 40
Fuel C (50% Isooctane, 50%Toluene) - - 100 - - - - - - - - - 50
Fuel C/ Methyl t-Butyl Ether (MTBE) see Fuel C - 85/15 - - - - - - - - - 50
Fuel Oil - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Fuel, Diesel see Diesel Fuel - - - - - - - - - - - -
Fuel, Jet see Jet Fuel - - - - - - - - - - - -
Fuel, Kerosene see Kerosene - - - - - - - - - - - -
Fuel, Petrol Unleaded see Gasoline - - - - - - - - - - - -
Furfural - (R1) 0-10 NR NR NR 35 NR NR 38 40 40 50
Furfural - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Furfural (in organic solvent) - (R4) 0-20 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Furfural/ Acetic Acid/ Methanol - - 30/10/5 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Furfuryl Alcohol - (R8) 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Furfuryl Alcohol - (R8) 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

G

                         
Gallic Acid - - sat'd - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Gasohol (1-100% alcohol) - - 100 - - - - - - - - - 40
Gasoline (unleaded, no alcohol) - - 100 NR NR NR 40 NR NR 25 - - 50
Glucose - (R7) 100 - - 60 - - - 100 80 - -
Glutamic Acid - (R7) 50 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Glutaraldehyde - - 50 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Glutaric Acid - - 50 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Glycerine - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Glycine and derivatives - - all - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Glycol - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Glycolic Acid see Hydroxyacetic acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Glyconic Acid - - 50 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Glyoxal - - 40 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Glyphosate - - all - - - - - - - - - 40
Gold Plating Bath Solution ref F2 K4[Fe(CN)6]·3H2O, Au(CN)2, NaCN - - - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Green Liquor (pulp mill) - (R8,14) all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Gypsum Slurry see Calcium Sulfate - - - - - - - - - - - -

H

                         
Heptane - - 100 20 30 25 40 25 30 80 100 100 100
Heptane (vapor) - - vapor - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Herbicides - (R3) - - - - - - - - - - -
Hexachloroethane - - 100 - - - - - - - LS LS 50
Hydrocyanic Acid   - all - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Hydrocyanic Acid   (R8,14) 10 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Hydrocyanic Acid   (R8,14) 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Hydrofluoric/ Nitric Acid   (R8,14) 3-5/30-35 - - - - - - - NR  NR LS
Hydrofluoric/ Nitric Acid   (R8,14) 6/20 - - - - - - - 50 55 60
Hydrofluoric/ Nitric Acid   (R8,14) 15/15 - - - - - - - - - 40
Hydrofluoric/ Nitric/ Sulfuric Acid   (R8,14) 8/20/2 - - - - - - - - - 60
Hydrofluosilicic Acid see Fluosilicic Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Hydrofluosilicic Acid / Polyaluminum Chloride Polyaluminum Hydroxychloride or Polyaluminum Chloride (R8,14) 1-22/1-35 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Hydrofluosilicic Acid/ Zinc Chloride   (R14) 20/all - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Hydrogen Bromide (dry gas)     100 - - - - - - - 80 100 100
Hydrogen Bromide (wet gas)     100 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Hydrogen Chloride (dry gas)   (R3,6) 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 175
Hydrogen Chloride (wet gas)     100 - - - - - - - 100 100 110
Hydrogen Fluoride (dry gas) (dry gas, vapor (if wet max.40°C)) (R3,8,11,14) - - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Hydrogen Peroxide   (R3,8,11) 5 NR NR NR 30 60 65 65 65 65 65
Hydrogen Peroxide   (R3,8,11) 30 NR NR NR NR 25 25 40 40 40 65
Hydrogen Peroxide   (R3,8,11) 35 - - - - - - - 25 30 40
Hydrogen Peroxide   (R3,8,11) 50 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Hydrogen Sulfide   (R3,6) 5 45 55 60 60 60 65 100 100 100 175
Hydrogen Sulfide (aqueous)     all - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Hydrogen Sulfide (dry gas)     100 - - - - - - - 100 100 110
Hydrogenated tallow alkyl amine C8-C18   100 - - - - - - - 40 - -
Hydrosulfite Bleach Aqueous solution 5% Zinc Hydrosulfite and 2,5% Tripolyphosphate (R13) - - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Hydroxyacetic Acid (Glycolic Acid)     20 - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Hydroxyacetic Acid (Glycolic Acid)     70 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Hydroxylamine Acid Sulfate     > 0,5 - - - - - - - - - 100
Hypochlorous Acid   (R3) 0-10 - - - - - - - - - -
Hypophosphorous Acid     0-50 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

I

                         
Imidazoline Acetate/ Solvent - (R4,8) 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Imidazoline Acetate/ Solvent - (R4,8) 60 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Incinerator Gases see Flue Gas - - - - - - - - - - - -
Insecticides emulsions   (R3) - - - - - - - - - - -
Iodine (crystals) - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Iodine (vapor) - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Ion Exchange Resin fine mesh resins - - - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Iron and Steel Cleaning Acid Bath 9% Hydrochloric and 23% Sulfuric acid - - - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Iron Plating Bath Solution ref F14 FeCl2, CaCl2, FeSO4,(NH4)2SO4 - - - - - - - - - 80 80 120
Isoamyl Alcohol - - 20 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Isoamyl Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Isoamyl Alcohol - - 20 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Isoamyl Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Isodecanol - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 80
Isononyl Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Isooctyl Adipate - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Isooctyl Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Isopropanol Amine - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Isopropyl Alcohol (Isopropanol) - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Isopropyl Amine - - 0,5-50 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Isopropyl Amine - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Isopropyl Myristate - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 - 110
Isopropyl Palmitate - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 110
Itaconic Acid - - 0,5-40 - - - - - - - 60 60 60

J

                         
Jet Fuel (general) - - 100 NR NR NR 30 NR 25 NR 60 60 60

K

                         
Kerosene - - 100 20 40 30 50 30 35 80 80 80 80
Kraft Recovery Boiler Breeching (paper mill) see Flue Gas - - - - - - - - - - - -

L

                         
Lactic Acid - - all 35 50 55 70 70 95 100 100 100 100
Latex (Emulsion in Water) see under specific polymer name- - all - - - NR - 25 50 50 50 50
Lauroyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 - 50
Lauryl Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Lauryl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Lauryl Mercaptan - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Lead Acetate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 110
Levulinic Acid - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 110
Lignin Sulfonate - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Lime Slurry see Calcium Hydroxide- - - - - - - - - - - - -
Limestone Slurry see Calcium Carbonate- - - - - - - - - - - - -
Linseed Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 110
Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) - - 100 - - - - - - - 60 60 60
Lithium Bromide - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Lithium Carbonate - (R14) all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Lithium Chloride - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Lithium Chloride - - sat'd (35-40) - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Lithium Hydroxide - (R14) all - - - - - - - 80 80 40
Lithium Hypochlorite - (R8,11,13,16) all - - - - - - - 80 80 40
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

M

                         
Magnesium Bicarbonate - - all 30 30 40 40 60 - 80 80 80 80
Magnesium Bisulfite - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Magnesium Carbonate - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Magnesium Chloride - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Magnesium Fluorosilicate   (R14) all - - - - - - - 80 - 80
Magnesium Hydroxide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Magnesium Nitrate - - all - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Magnesium Phosphate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Magnesium Sulfate - - sat'd 40 45 50 70 75 95 95 100 100 120
Magnesium Sulfate/ Phosphoric Acid - - 1-40/0-36 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Maleic Acid - - > 0,5 35 45 45 65 75 90 90 80 80 100
Manganese Chloride (Manganous Chloride) - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Manganese Nitrate (Manganous) - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Manganese Sulfate (Manganous Sulfate) - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
MDI (Methylenediphenyl Diisocyanate) see Diphenylmethane-4,4-Diisocyanate   - - - - - - - - - - -
Melamine Formaldehyde Resin - - all - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Mercaptoacetic Acid - - all - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Mercaptoethanol - - 10 - - - - - - - - - 80
Mercuric Chloride - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Mercurous Chloride - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Mercury - - 100 45 55 60 100 65 100 100 100 100 120
Metal Pickling Acid Solutions Hydrochloric-, Sulfuric Acid and/or Phosphoric Acids (R12) 0,5-15 total - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Methacrylic Acid - (R12) 25 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Methacrylic Acid - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Methane Sulfonic Acid - (R3) 20-100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Methane/ Nitrogen - - 70/30 - - - - - - - 60 80 95
Methanol - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Methanol (Methyl Alcohol) - - 5 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Methanol (Methyl Alcohol) - - 20 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Methanol (Methyl Alcohol) - - 40-100 NR 30 25 35 25 30 NR NR NR 40
Methanol/ Ethanolamine - - 0-60/0-20 - - - - - - - NR NR  40
Methanol/ Formaldehyde - - 0-15/0-37 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Methanol/ Formaldehyde -   35/4 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Methanol/ Formaldehyde/ Sulfuric Acid -   60/20/2 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Methoxy-2-Propanol 1-Methoxy-2-Propanol- - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 20
Methyl Acetate     20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Methyl Acetate     100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Methyl Bromide     10 - - - - - - - 25 25 25
Methyl Bromide     100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Methyl Butyl Ketone (MBK) includes Methyl t-Butyl Ketone (MTBK) and other Isomers   100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Methyl Chloride   (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Methyl Chloride, Gas     all - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Methyl Chloroform also 1,1,1-Trichloroethane inhibited   100 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Methyl Chloroform/ Perchloroethylene     75/25 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Methyl Distearyl Ammonium Chloride/ Isopropanol     75/25 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK)     20 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 40 40 40
Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK)     100 - - - - - - - LS LS 20
Methyl Ethyl Ketone Mixture MEK, 2-Butanol, Triethylamine, 2- Butoxy Ethanol   < 25 total - - - - - - - LS LS 40
Methyl Formate     5 - - - - - - - 40 45 50
Methyl Isobutyl Ketone (MIBK)     100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Methyl Mercaptan (Gas)     all - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Methyl Methacrylate     all NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 25
Methyl tert-butylether (MTBE)   (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Methyl tert-butylether (MTBE)     20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Methyl tert-butylether (MTBE)     100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Methyl tert-butylether (MTBE) / Fuel C see Fuel C   15/85 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Methyl Tin Trichloride/ Dimethyl Tin Di-chloride Aqueous solution of 90/10 (R12) 50 - - - - - - - - - 45
Methyl-2-pyrrolidone see N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone - - - - - - - - - - - -
Methyl-2-pyrrolidone see N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone - - - - - - - - - - - -
Methyl-3-Butenenitrile 2-Methyl-3-Butenenitrile - all - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Methylamine - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Methylamine - - 40 - - - - - - - LS LS LS
Methylamine - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Methyldiethanolamine - - 20 - - - - - - - 50 50 80
Methyldiethanolamine - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Methylene Chloride - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Methylene Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Methylene Chloride/ Methanol/ Water - - 1/4/95 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Methylstyrene (alpha) - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Milk and Milk Products   (R7) all 25 25 28 28 28 - 70 70 70 -
Mineral Oils (Aliphatic) - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Molasses - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 80 - -
Mono chloroacetic Acid see Chloroacetic Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mono chlorobenzene - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Mono ethanolamine see Ethanolamine - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mono methylhydrazine - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Morpholine - (R8) 20 - - - - - - - 40 45 50
Morpholine - (R8) 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Morpholine/ Cyclohexylamine - - all - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Motor Oil - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Muriatic Acid see Hydrochloric Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Myristic Acid - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

N

                         
Naphtha (Aliphatic) - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Naphtha (Heavy Aromatic) - - 100 20 30 25 40 30 30 - - - 50
Naphthalene - - 100 20 45 40 65 45 50 80 100 100 100
Neutralizer & Desmut - - all - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Nickel Chloride - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 90 100 100 100
Nickel Nitrate   - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 90 100 100 100
Nickel Plating Bath soln. Type I ref F11 NiSO4, NH4Cl, H3BO3 - - 30 45 45 60 70 90 80 80 80 80
Nickel Plating Bath soln. Type II ref F12 NiSO4, NH4Cl, H3BO3 - - 30 45 45 60 70 90 80 100 100 100
Nickel Plating Bath soln. Type III ref F13 NiSO4, NH4Cl, H3BO3 - - 30 45 45 60 70 90 80 80 80 80
Nickel Sulfamate - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Nickel Sulfate - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 90 100 100 100
Nitric Acid - - 0-5 30 45 45 55 65 70 65 65 65 80
Nitric Acid - - 6-10 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Nitric Acid   - 11-20 25 40 25 50 60 50 50 50 50 65
Nitric Acid - (R8) 21-29 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Nitric Acid - (R8) 30-35 NR NR NR NR 40 30 40 25 30 40
Nitric Acid - (R8) 36-40 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 40
Nitric Acid - - 70 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Nitric Acid Fumes - (R8,20) > 60 (soln.) - - - - - - - - - 80
Nitric Acid Fumes - (R8) < 60 (soln.) NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 80
Nitric Acid/ Hexavalent Chromium Chromic Acid - 10/5 - - - - - - - - - 40
Nitric Acid/ Hydrogen Peroxide/ Hydrofluoric Acid - (R8,11,14) 30/5/0,5 - - - - - - - - - 25
Nitric/ Hydrofluoric Acid - (R8,14) 25/3 - - - - - - - - - 40
Nitric/ Hydrofluoric Acid - (R8,14) 15/15 - - - - - - - - - -
Nitric/ Hydrofluoric Acid - (R8,14) 20/6 - - - - - - - - - 50
Nitric/ Hydrofluoric Acid - - 30-35/3-5 - - - - - - - - - NR
Nitric/ Hydrofluoric/ Sulfuric Acid - (R8,14) 20/8/2 - - - - - - - - - -
Nitric/ Phosphoric Acid - (R8) 24/23 - - - - - - - - - 40
Nitric/ Phosphoric Acid - (R8) 5/ 5 - - - - - - - - - 65
Nitric/ Sulfuric Acid - (R8) 20/20 - - - - - - - - - 40
Nitric/ Sulfuric/ Phosphoric Acid - - 20/5/2 - - - - - - - - - 40
Nitrobenzene - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Nitrogen Tetroxide - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Nitrophenol - (R1) - - - - - - - - - - NR
N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone - - 10 - - - - - - - - - -
N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone - - 100 - - - - - - - - - NR
Noncondensable Blow Down Gases see Flue Gas or Blow Down - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

O

                         
Octanoic Acid see Caprylic Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Oil (Crude) see Crude Oil - - - - - - - - - - - -
Oleic Acid - - 100 40 50 50 70 70 95 100 100 - -
Oleum (fuming Sulfuric Acid) - - - NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Olive Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 100 - -
Ortho-dichlorobenzene see Dichlorobenzene - - - - - - - - - - - -
Oxalic Acid - (R7) sat'd - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Ozone in solution - (R3) 2mg/l - - - - - - - 40 40 40

P

                         
Palladium suspensions in HCl (see Hydrochloric Acid) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Palladium suspensions in NH4OH (see Ammonium Hydroxide) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Palmitic Acid - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 100 - -
Paper Mill Effluent (pulp mill) see Sulfite/ Sulfate Liquors - - - - - - - - - - - -
Para-dichlorobenzene see Dichlorobenzene - - - - - - - - - - - -
Parrafin Distilate (dewaxed) - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Peanut Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 80 - -
Pentabromo diphenyl oxide - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Pentachlorophenol - (R4) all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Pentanedioic Acid see Glutaric Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Peracetic Acid - (R3,8,11,14) 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Peracetic Acid - - 35 - - - - - - - NR LS LS
Perchloric Acid - - 10 NR NR 20 NR 50 50 65 65 65 65
Perchloric Acid - - 30 NR NR NR NR 30 25 40 40 40 40
Perchloroethylene - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 25
Perchloroethylene/ Methyl chloroform - - 75/25 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
5 Prop.Gly./ Ethox. Fatty Alco./ Diethylene Glycol n-Butyl Ether   60/20/20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Phenol (Carbolic Acid) - (R8) 0-2 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Phenol (Carbolic Acid) - (R8) 5 - - - - - - - NR NR 50
Phenol (Carbolic Acid) - (R8) 10 - - - - - - - NR NR 50
Phenol (Carbolic Acid) - (R8) 15 - - - - - - - NR NR 30
Phenol (Carbolic Acid) - (R8) 88 - - - - - - - NR NR 20
Phenol Formaldehyde Resin - - all - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Phenol Sulfonic Acid - (R3) all - - - - - - - 25 25 25
Phenol/ Methanol/ Anionic Detergent -   15/10/20 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Phenolic Resin/ Phenol - (R8) 80/20 - - - - - - - - - 25
Phenolic Resin/ Phenol - (R8) 90/10 - - - - - - - - - 50
Phosphoric Acid - - 0,5-85 40 50 50 65 70 90 90 100 100 100
Phosphoric Acid - - 85-100 - - - - - - - 100 100 105
Phosphoric Acid (Polyphosphoric Acid) - - 115 - - - - - - - 100 100 105
Phosphoric Acid (vapor) - (R3) all - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Phosphoric Acid 76% Superphosphoric Acid 76% P205 - 105 - - - - - - - 100 100 105
Phosphoric Acid/ Gypsum - - 61/39 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Phosphoric Acid/ Hydrochloric Acid saturated with Cl2 (R15,16,18) 15/9 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Phosphoric Acid/ Phosphorous Pentoxide (vap. mix.) with, Hydrochloric Acid and Sulfuric Dioxide - vapor - - - - - - - 100 100 110
Phosphoric Acid/ Sulfuric Acid - - 85/ 15 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Phosphoric Acid/ Sulfuric Acid - - 0-25/0-25 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Phosphoric Acid/ Tributyl Phosphate vapor phase, condensation - 85/0,5 - - - - - - - 50 50 60
Phosphoric Acid/ Tributyl Phosphate/ Hydrofluoric Acid no condensation of TBP - 88/0,1/0,03 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Phosphoric Acid/ Zinc Chloride - - 0-100/0,5-70 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Phosphoric/ Sulfuric/ Hydrofluoric Acid - (R8,14) 0-75/1/0-3 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Phosphorous Acid - - 70 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Phosphorous Acid/ Hydrochloric Acid - (R5,15,16) 0-70/6-10 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Phosphorous Acid/ Hydrochloric Acid - (R5,16) 0-70/1-5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Phosphorus Oxychloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Phosphorus Trichloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Phthalic Acid - (R4) all 35 45 45 65 70 90 100 100 100 100
Picric Acid (alcoholic) - (R4) 10 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Pine Oil - - 100 - - - - - - - 90 90 90
Plating Bath Chemicals - (R3) - - - - - - - - - - -
Polyacrylamide - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Polyacrylic Acid - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Polyethylene Glycol - - 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Polyethylene glycol methyl ether - (R3) 100 - - - - - - - - - -
Polyethyleneimine - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Polyphosphoric Acid 115% H3PO4 see Phosphoric acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Polyvinyl Acetate Adhesives - - all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Polyvinyl Alcohol - - 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Polyvinyl Chloride Latex with 35 parts Dioctyl Phthalate - all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Potassium Aluminum Sulfate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Potassium Bicarbonate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Potassium Bromide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Potassium Carbonate - (R14) 0-50 NR NR NR 25 25 80 65 80 80 65
Potassium Chloride - - > 0,5 40 50 45 70 75 95 90 100 100 100
Potassium Detergent Soluiton ref F19 - (R8,11,16) 50/40/10 - - - - - - - 50 - -
Potassium Dichromate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Potassium Extinguishing Compositon ref F20 - (R14) 20/4/1 - - - - - - - 80 80 65
Potassium Ferricyanide - - > 0,5 35 50 45 70 75 95 90 100 100 100
Potassium Ferrocyanide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Potassium Fluoride - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Potassium Gold Cyanide - - 12 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Potassium Hydroxide - (R8,14) 0-45 NR NR NR NR 35 45 45 65 65 25
Potassium Hydroxide and Cyanide compounds KOH/ KCN/ CuCN (R14) 2/2,5/7 - - - - - - - 65 65 25
Potassium Iodide - - all - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Potassium Nitrate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Potassium Oxalate - - all - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Potassium Permanganate - - > 0,5 NR NR NR 25 25 235 90 100 100 100
Potassium Persulfate - - all - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Potassium Pyrophosphate - - 60 - - - - - - - 55 55 65
Potassium Silicofluoride - (R14) all - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Potassium Sulfate - - > 0,5 40 50 45 70 75 95 90 100 100 100
Propane - - 100 - - - - - - - 60 60 60
Propanol (n-) - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Propanol (n-) - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Propenal see Acrolein - - - - - - - - - - - -
Propionic Acid - - 0-50 - - - - - - 80 80 80 80
Propionic Acid - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 40
Propionyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Propyl Acetate - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Propyl Bromide - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Propyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 25
Propylene Glycol - - 100 40 50 55 80 75 95 80 100 100 100
Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether 2-Propanol,1- Methoxy-; CAS 107-98-2 - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 20
Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate - (R8) 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate - (R8) 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 20
Propylene Glycol/ Monoethanolamine - - 0-99/ 1 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Propylene Oxide - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Propylene Oxide - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR NR
Pulp (paper mill) Blow Down see Blow Down - - - - - - - - - - - -
Pyridine - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Pyridine - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

Q

                         
Quaternary Amine Salts - - > 0,5 30 40 40 60 65 80 70 80 80 80
Quinoline - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Quinoline - - 100 - - - - - - - - - LS

R

                         
Radiation Resistance - (R3) - - - - - - - - - - -
Rayon Spin Bath - - - - - - - - - - - - 60
Rayon Spinning - - vapor - - - - - - - 60 60 60
Recovery Boiler Gases see Flue Gas -   - - - - - - - 60 60 60
Red Liquor - - all - - - - - - - - - -

S

                         
Salicylic Acid - - all - - - - - - - 70 - -
Salt Brine see Brine, Salt - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sea Water see Water (sea) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Selenious Acid - - all - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Silicon Tetrafluoride/Hydrofluoric/ Sulfuric Acid - (R8,14) < 10 total - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Silver Nitrate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Silver Plating Bath Solution ref F3 Ag, K, NaCN,K2CO3 (R14) - - - - - - - - 80 80 65
Sodium Acetate - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Sodium Alkyd Aryl Sulfonates - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sodium Aluminate - (R14) all - - - - - - - 70 70 50
Sodium Benzoate - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sodium Bicarbonate - - all 40 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Sodium Bicarbonate/ Sodium Carbonate - (R14) 15/20 - - - - - - - 80 80 65
Sodium Bifluoride - (R14) all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Sodium Bisulfate   - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Sodium Bisulfide (Hydrosulfide) - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sodium Bisulfite - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Borate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Borohydride Stabilized water solution - all - - - - - - - 40 - -
Sodium Bromate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Bromide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Carbonate - (R14) all NR NR NR 25 25 70 70 80 80 65
Sodium Carbonate/ Sodium Bicarbonate - (R14) 20/15               80 80 65
Sodium Chlorate - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Sodium Chlorate/ Phosphoric Acid   (R14) 1-20/1-20 - - - - - - - - - -
Sodium Chlorate/ Sodium Chloride - - 34/20 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Chlorate/ Sulfuric Acid - (R14) 1-20/1-20 - - - - - - - - - -
Sodium Chloride - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Sodium Chloride (saturated solution) see Brine, Salt - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sodium Chloride (with Chlorine) see Chlorinated Brine - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sodium Chloride/ Ethyl Vanillin - - 0,1-25/1 - - - - - - - 50 - -
Sodium Chloride/ Magnesium Oxide/ Lime - - 0,5-26/0,1-
20/0,1-10
- - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Chloride/ Sodium Chlorate - - 20/34 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Chloride/ Sodium Hydroxide - (R8,14) 0,5-10/ 0,1-2 - - - - - - - 80 80 40
Sodium Chlorite, pH < 6 see Chlorine Dioxide - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sodium Chlorite, pH > 6 - (R13) all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sodium Chlorite/ Sodium Hypochlorite, pH > 11 - (R8,11,16) 0,1-25/ 0,1-15 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Sodium Chromate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Cyanide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Dichromate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Diphosphate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate - - all - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Sodium Ferricyanide - - > 0,5 35 50 45 70 70 95 100 100 100 100
Sodium Ferrocyanide - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Fluoride - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sodium Fluoroborate - (R14) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 95 - 95
Sodium Fluorosilicate - (R14) all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Sodium Gluconate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 95 100
Sodium Glycolate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 80 100
Sodium Hexametaphosphate   - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sodium Hydrosulfide (Bisulfide) see Sodium Bisulfide - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sodium Hydrosulfite - - all - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Sodium Hydroxide - (R8,14) all NR NR NR NR 55 70 60 80 80 40
Sodium Hydroxide with Sodium Compounds mix. NaOH/ NaCl/ Na2SO4/ NaClO (active Chlorine) (R8,11,13,16) 20/15/8/15 - - - - - - - 80 80 40
Sodium Hydroxide/ Organics within sol. limits, i.e. no phase seprt. or coalescence - 8/ trace - - - - - - - 80 - -
Sodium Hydroxide/ Sodium Bisulfite - (R8,14) all - - - - - - - 80 80 40
Sodium Hydroxide/ Sodium Hypochlorite (Active Chlorine) (R8,14) 0-20/0-0,1 - - - - - - - 80 - -
Sodium Hypochlorite (Active Chlorine), pH > 11 (R8,11,13,16) 0,5-5,25 NR NR NR NR NR NR 50 65 80 40
Sodium Hypochlorite (Active Chlorine), pH > 12 (R8,9,11,13,16) 5,25-18 - - - - - - - 65 65 -
Sodium Hypochlorite (Active Chlorine), pH > 13 (R8,9,11,13,16) 18-21 - - - - - - - - 40 -
Sodium Hypochlorite (Active Chlorine), pH > 14 (R8,9,11,13,16) 21-25 - - - - - - - - 40 -
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate - - all - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Sodium Metabisulfite - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Methyldithiocarbamate - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sodium Monophosphate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Myristyl Sulfate - - all - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Sodium Nitrate   - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Nitrite - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Oxalate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Perchlorate - - 60 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Sodium Persulfate - - all - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Phosphate, mono-, di-, tribasic - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Polyacrylate - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sodium salt o-phenylphenate (Antimicrobial) - - all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Sodium Salts of Carbamate Derivatives ref F21 - - 0,1-15/0,1-15 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Sodium Sarcosinate - - 40 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Sodium Silicate - (R14) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 80 65
Sodium Sulfate - - > 0,5 40 50 45 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Sodium Sulfate/ Sodium Sulfite - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Hydrosulfide - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sodium Sulfide - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Sodium Sulfite - - > 0,5 45 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Sodium Sulphite/ Sodium Hydroxide/ Toluene - - 22/10/5 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Sodium Tartrate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Tetraborate - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sodium Thiocyanate - - all 30 40 45 65 70 90 80 80 80 80
Sodium Thiosulfate - - all 35 45 50 65 70 85 80 80 80 80
Sodium Tripolyphosphate - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sodium Xylene Sulfonate - - all - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Solder Plating Bath see Plating Bath Chemicals - - - - - - - - - - - -
Solvent Extraction Soln. Type I ref F16 Solution Type I - - - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Solvent Extraction Soln. Type II ref F17 Solution Type II - - - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sorbitol Solutions - - all - - - - - - - 70 70 80
Sour Crude Oil see Crude Oil - - - - - - - - - - - -
Soy Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Soy Sauce - (R7) - - - - - - - - 70 - -
Spearmint Oil - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 40 - -
Stannic Chloride - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Stannous Chloride - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 70 95 100 100 100 100
Steam (dry, no condensation) - (R8) - - - - - - - - 100 100 105
Steam (wet, condensation) - (R8) sat'd - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Stearic Acid - - all 35 45 45 65 75 90 100 100 100 100
Styrene - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 50
Styrene Acrylic Emulsion - - all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Styrene-Butadiene Latex - - all - - - - - - - 60 60 60
Succinonitrile (aqueous) - - all - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Sugar Beet Liquor - (R7) all - - - - - - - 80 - -
Sugar Cane Liquor and Sweetwater - (R7) all - - - - - - - 80 - -
Sugar/ Sucrose - (R7) all - - - - - - - 100 - -
Sulfamic Acid - - 0,5-10 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sulfamic Acid - - 11-15 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sulfamic Acid - - 16-25 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Sulfamic/ Boric/ Glycolic Acid - - 0,5-25/0,5-
30/0,5-10
- - - - - - - 65 65 65
Sulfanilic Acid, Meta - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sulfanilic Acid, Para - (R3,4) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sulfate Process (noncondensable gases) see Flue Gas - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfated Detergents see Sulfonated Detergents - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfated Tall Oil Fatty Acid see Tall Oil - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfides Scrubbing with Caustic see Sodium Hydroxide - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfite/ Sulfate Liquors (Pulp Mill) - - - - - - - - - - 95 95 95
Sulfonated Detergents - - 100 35 45 45 65 70 90 90 70 70 80
Sulfur Chloride - - vapor - - - - - - - 95 95 95
Sulfur Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Sulfur Dioxide see Flue Gas- - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfur Molten (dry) - (R4) 100 - - - - - - - - - 150
Sulfur Trioxide (dry) - (R4) vapor - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfur Trioxide (wet) see Sulfuric Acid (R4) - - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfur Wettable, Fungicide - (R4) all -- - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sulfuric Acid - - 0,5-25 40 50 60 70 75 90 90 100 100 105
Sulfuric Acid - - 26-50 45 60 60 85 80 100 80 100 100 100
Sulfuric Acid - - 51-70 NR NR NR 65 70 70 80 80 80 80
Sulfuric Acid - (R5) 71-75 NR NR NR NR 25 40 40 40 40 80
Sulfuric Acid - (R5) > 80 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Sulfuric Acid - (R5,8) 76-80 NR NR NR NR 25 40 40 40 40 50
Sulfuric Acid/ Ammonium Bifluoride - (R14) 0-75/0,1-3 - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Sulfuric Acid/ Chromic Acid Mixture maximum total concentration 10% - - - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Sulfuric Acid/ Copper Sulfate - - 0-25/1-35 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sulfuric Acid/ Copper Sulfate/ Sodium Persulfate/ EDTA - - 13/12/1/1 - - - - - - - 55 55 55
Sulfuric Acid/ H2O2/ (NH4)2SO4/ Cu2SO4 ref F22   (R11) 10/5/5/5 - - - - - - - 40 40 40
Sulfuric Acid/ Hydriodic Acid - - 60/20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Sulfuric Acid/ Hydrochloric Acid - (R15,16,17) 50/15 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Sulfuric Acid/ Hydrochloric Acid - (R16,18) 1-25/1-10 - - - - - - - 80 100 100
Sulfuric Acid/ Hydrofluoric Acid - R8,14) 10/10 - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Sulfuric Acid/ Hydrofluoric Acid - (R8,14) 1-20/3-6 - - - - - - - 55 55 60
Sulfuric Acid/ Hydrofluoric Acid - - 30-35/3-5 - - - - - - - LS LS LS
Sulfuric Acid/ Hydrofluoric Acid - (R8,14) 25/10 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Sulfuric Acid/ Hydrogen Peroxide - (R11) 1-20/1-10 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Sulfuric Acid/ Hydrogen Sulfide - - 1-50/0-10 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sulfuric Acid/ Inorganic Salts - - 0,5-20/0,5-50 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Sulfuric Acid/ Inorganic Salts - - 21-50/0,5-20 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sulfuric Acid/ Methanol - - 30/5 - - - - - - - - - 50
Sulfuric Acid/ Nitric Acid - - 20/5 - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Sulfuric Acid/ Phosphoric Acid - - 0-25/0-25 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Sulfuric Acid/ Sodium Chromate - (R3) - - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfuric Acid/ Sodium Dichromate see Sulfuric Acid/Chromic Acid Mixture - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfuric Acid/ Sulfate Salts max. tot. concn. 80% (see Sulfuric Acid) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sulfuric and oth. Acid mix. with Chlorinated Solvents Sulfuric/ Hydrochloric/ Hydrofluoric / Phosphoric Acids/ Cl Solvents - 40/20/5/35/1 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Sulfuric/ Hydrofluosilicic Acids/ MIBK - (R8,14) 25/10/2 - - - - - - - LS LS 50
Sulfuric/ Lactic Acids/ Sodium Sulfate - - 50/20/0-10 - - - - - - - 40 40 65
Sulfuric/ Nitric/ Phosphoric Acids - - 0-13/0-11/0-30 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Sulfurous Acid - - 10 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Superphosphoric Acid (76% P205) see Phosphoric acid - 105% H3PO4 - - - - - - - - - -
Surfactant - (R3) - - - - - - - - - - -
Surfactant (anionic) see Anionic Surfactant - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

T

                         
Tall Oil (reactor) - (R3) - - - - - - - - 100 100 105
Tall Oil (storage) - - 100 - - - - - - - 95 95 105
Tallow/ Sulfuric Acid - - 99/1 - - - - - - - 80 - -
Tannic Acid - - > 0,5 40 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Tap Water (hard) see Water (tap) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tap Water (soft) see Water (tap) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tartaric Acid - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
tert-Butyl Methyl Ether see Methyl tert-Butyl Ether - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tetrabutyltin - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Tetrabutyltin - - 100 - - - - - - - 40 40 55
Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR 40 25 25 50
Tetrachloropyridine - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Tetraethyl Orthosilicate - - 100 - - - - - - - - - 40
Tetrahydrofuran - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Tetrahydrofuran - - 0-5 NR NR NR NR NR NR 25 40 40 50
Tetrahydrofuran - - 10-100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Tetramethyl Ammonium Hydroxide - (R14) 0-10 - - - - - - - 50 50 -
Tetra-n-Butylammonium Hydroxide - (R8,14) 40 - - - - - - - 40 40 -
Tetra-n-Butylphosphonium Hydroxide - (R8,14) 40 - - - - - - - 40 40 -
Tetrapotassium Pyrophospate - - 0-60 - - - - - - - 55 55 65
Tetrasodium Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid Tetrasodium Salt of EDTA - all - - - - - - - 80 80 65
Thioglycolic Acid see Mercaptoacetic Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Thionyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Thionyl Chloride - - 0-50 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Tin Fluoborate Plating Bath Solution ref F10 Sn(BF4)2, Sn, HBF4, H3BO3 (R14) - - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Titanium Dioxide - - all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Titanium Dioxide/ Sulfuric Acid - - 0-30/30 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Titanium Tetrachloride - - all - - - - - - - 65 65 80
Tobias Acid (2-Naphthylamine-1-Sulfonic) - (R3) 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Toluene - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR 30 NR 25 25 50
Toluene (vapor) - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI) - (R8) 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 30(R3)
Toluene Sulfonic Acid - (R3) > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 95 100
Toluidine (ortho-, para-, meta-) - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR 20
Tomato Sauce - (R7) all - - - - - - - 90 - -
Transformer Oils Silicone and Mineral Oils (R6) 100 - - - - - - - 100 110 150
Transformer Oils Ester types - 100 - - - - - - - 50 0 65
Tributyl Phosphate - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 60
Trichloroacetic Acid - - 85 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Trichloroethane - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR 40 40 40 50
Trichloroethylene - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Tricresyl Phosphate - - 100 - - - - - - - 70 70 70
Triethanolamine - - 100 - - - - - - - 50 50 65
Triethylamine - - all - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Triethylamine/ Triethylamine Hydrochloride/ HCl - - 50/20/5 - - - - - - - 50 50 50
Triethylene Glycol see Ethylene Glycol - - - - - - - - - - - -
Trifluoroacetic Acid see Chloroacetic Acid - - - - - - - - - - - -
Trimethyl Ammonium Chloride Trimethylamine HCl, TMA-HCl - 70 - - - - - - - 40 40 50(R12)
Trimethyl Benzene - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50
Trimethylamine - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Trimethylamine - - 20 - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Trimethylamine - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 40
Trimethylene Chlorobromide - - - - - - - - - - NR NR  40
Trioctyl Phosphine Oxide/ DEHPA/ Kerosene Di-2-Ethylhexyl Phosphoric Acid - 4/4/92 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Trioctylphosphate - - 100 - - - - - - - 70 70 80
Tripropylene Glycol see Ethylene Glycol - - - - - - - - - - - -
Trisodium Phosphate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Turpentine - - 100 - - - - - - - 65 65 100
Chemical Enviroment Concn. Polipol Polyester Resins Polives Vinyl Ester
        3401 351 3872 3801 381 391 701 711 710 721
  Notes Annotations   Ortho Ortho ISO ISO ISO
NPG
BPA BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
BPA
Epoxy
      % °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C °C

U

                         
Uranium Extraction see Kerosene - - - - - - - - - - - -
Urea - - all - - - 45 65 90 65 70 70 70
Urea Formaldehyde Resin - - all - - - - - - - 40 40 50
Urea/ Ammonium Nitrate/ Water - - 35/44/20 - - - - - - - 65 65 65
Urine see Urea - -                    

V

                         
Vanillin Black Liquor - (R7) - - - - - - - - 50 - -
Vegetable Oil - (R7) 100 - 40 50 50 80 - 95 95 95 95
Vinegar - (R7) 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Vinyl Acetate - - 20 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 40 40 40
Vinyl Acetate - - 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS
Vinyl Chloride - (R20) all - - - - - - - - 80 80
Vinyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - NR NR LS
Vinyl Chloride - - 100 - - - - - - - 25 25 50

W

                         
Water (deionized) - (R8) 100 35 45 45 65 75 90 80 80 80 80
Water (demineralized) - (R8) 100 35 45 45 65 75 90 80 80 80 80
Water (distilled) - (R8) 100 35 45 45 65 75 90 80 80 80 80
Water (sea desalination) - (R8) all - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Water (sea) - (R8) - 40 45 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 100
Water (steam condensate) see Steam wet (R8) - - - - - - - - - - -
Water (tap/ hard) - (R7,8) 100 - - - - - - - 100 100 100
Water (tap/ soft) - (R7,8) 100 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Water Vapor (exhaust) see Flue Gas (R20) - - - - - - - - - - -
Water Vapor (wet) see Steam wet (R8) - - - - - - - - - - -
Water, Phenol see Phenol - - - - - - - - - - - -
Whey - (R7) all - - - - - - - 65 - -
White Liquor (Pulp Mill) - (R8,14) all - - - - - - - 80 80 40

X

                         
Xylene - (R20) vapor - - - - - - - - 80 80
Xylene - - 100 NR 30 NR 25 NR 25 25 25 25 50

Z

                         
Zinc Chloride - - sat'd 40 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 120
Zinc Cyanide Plating Bath ref F8 Zn, NaCN, NaOH (R8,14) -           25 - 80 80 40
Zinc Electrolyte Zinc Sulfate 35g/l Sulfuric Acid (see Sulfuric Acid)   - - - - - - - - - - -
Zinc Fluoborate Plating Bath Solution ref F7 Zn(BF4)2, NH4Cl, NH4BF4 (R14) - - - - - - - - 95 95 95
Zinc Nitrate - - sat'd - - - - - - - 100 100 120
Zinc Phosphate (slurry) - - > 0,5 - - - - - - - 80 80 80
Zinc Sulfate - - sat'd 50 50 50 70 75 95 100 100 100 120
  • Common Standards for GRP Construction

    There are various industry standards referring to the design, corrosion information and construction of GRP vessels.

    AD-Merkblatt N1 Druckbehalter aus Textilglassverstarkten duroplastischen Kunststoffen (GFK)

    ASME B31.3 Chemical Plants and Petroleum Refinery Piping

    ASME Section X Pressure Vessel Code - Fiberglass-reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels

    ASTM D 2563-87 Classifying Visual Defects in Glass Reinforced Plastic Laminate Vessels

    ASTM D 3299-81 Filament Wound Glass Fiber Reinforced Thermoset Resin Chemical Resistant Tanks

    BS 4994-1987 Design and Construction of Vessels and Tanks in Reinforced Plastics

    BS 6464-1984 Reinforced Plastics Pipes, Fittings and Joints for Process Plants

    BS 6374-1984 Linings of Equipment with Polymeric Meterials for the Process Industries Part 4

    BS 7159-1989 Design and Contruction of Glass Reinforced Plastics (GRP) Piping Systems for Individual Plants or Sites

    DIN 16965 Rohre aus glasfaserverstärkten Polysterharzen UP-GF)

    DIN 16966 Formstücke und Verbindungen aus glasfaserverstärkten Polysterharzen (UP-GF)

    DIN 18820 Reduction Factors for Long-Term Loads in Chemical Environments

    EN 976-1997 Underground Tanks of Glass-Reinforced Plastics (GRP) Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks for the Non-pressure Storage of Liquid Petroleum Based Fuels.

    • Part 1 - Requirements and Test Methods for Single wall Tanks.
    • Part 2 - Transport, Handling, Storage and Installation of Single Wall Tanks.

    EN 977-1997 Underground Tanks of Glass-Reinforced Plastics (GRP). Method for One Side Exposure to Fluids

    EN 14364-2006 Plastics Piping Systems for Drainage and Sewage With or Without Pressure. Glass Reinforced Plastics Based on Unsaturated Polyester Resin (UP). Specifications fo Pipes. Fittings and Joints

    EN 13121-2003 GRP tanks and vessels for above ground.

    • Part - 1 Raw Materials - Specifications and Acceptance Conditions.
    • Part - 2 Composite Materials - Chemical Resistance.
    • Part - 3 Design and Workmanship.
    • Part - 4 Delivery. Installation and Maintenance

    NS 1545-1993 Horizontal Cylindrical Glass Fibre Reinforced Polyester. Petroleum Storage Tanks.

    PLN 83 Plastkarlsnormer 1983

    PRN 88 Plastrorledningsnormer 1988

    NORSOK M-621 GRP Piping Materials

    UKOOA-94 Specification and Recommended Practice for the Use of GRP Piping Offshore

  • Complete Chemical Formulas

     
     

    F2 23% Potassium Ferrocyanide with Potassium Gold Cyanide and Sodium Cyanide

    F3 4% Silver, 7% Potassium, 5% Sodium Cyanides, 2% Potassium Carbonate

    F4 45% Copper (II) tetrafluoroborate; 19% Copper Sulfate; 8% Sulfonic

    F5 10,5% Copper, 14% Sodium Cyanides, 6% Rochelle Salts

    F6 Copper Chloride, Ammonium Chloride, Ammonium Hydroxide

    F7 49% Zinc Fluoborate, 5% Ammonium Chloride, 6% Ammonium Fluoborate

    F8 9% Zinc, 4% Sodium Cyanides, 9% Sodium Hydroxide

    F9 3% Cadmium Oxide, 10% Sodium Cyanide, 1,2% Sodium Hydroxide

    F10 18% Stannous Fluoborate, 7% Tin, 9% Fluoboric Acid, 2% Boric Acid

    F11 44% Nickel Sulfate, 4% Ammonium Chloride, 4% Boric Acid

    F12 15% Nickel Sulfate, 5% Nickel Chloride, 3% Boric Acid

    13 11% Nickel Sulfate, 2% Nickel Chloride, 1% Boric Acid

    F14 45% Iron(II) Chloride, 15% Calcium Chloride; 20% Iron (II) Sulfate; 11% Ammonium Sulfate

    F15 3% Copper, 1% Zinc, 5,6% Sodium Cyanides, 3% Sodium Carbonate

    F16 3% Isodecanol, %6 Tri- C8- C10 alkyl amines, 91% kerosene

    F17 4% Trioctylphosphine Oxide, 4% Di 2-Ethylhexyl Phosphoric Acid, 92% Kerosene

    F18 0,4% Magnesium Sulfate, 9,5% Sodium Chloride, 5,0% Sodium Sulfate, 2,0% Potassium sulfate, 7% Gypsum, 3% Sodium Sulfide Nonahydrate, pH:7

    F19 Potassium Hypochlorite, Potassium Hydroxide, Potassium Metasilicate

    F20 Potassium Carbonate, Boric Acid, Potassium Metavanadate

    F21 Sodium Dimethyldithiocarbamate, Disodium Ethylene Bisdithiocarbamate

    F22 Sulfuric Acid, Hydrogen Peroxide, Ammonium Sulfate, Copper Sulfate

Modification Description

  • FR   Filled flame retardant
  • D*   Filled (*with filler content)
  • T Thixotropic (no sagging)
  • A Cobalt preaccelerated
  • ABP Amine preaccelerated
  • UV UV Curing
  • L   UV light stabilized
  •   I Lower viscosity
  •   V Higher viscosity
  •   LSE   LSE (low styrene emission)
  •   H* Gel time customized (at room temperature) * minutes
  • H40 Optimized for summer season. Gel time (at room temperature) 40 minutes.
  • H20 Optimized for winter season. Gel time (at room temperature) 20 minutes.
  •   COLOR   White or custom color options

Gelcoat Customizations
Polijel gelcoat table descriptions and modifications.

  • Spray Application (airless preferred)
  • Brush or Roller Application
  • Color Option: White colored
  • Color Option: Light colored (pastel)
  • Color Option: PRO colored

Production Quantity Depending on Process (parts/year)
Regardless of product dimension and complexity..

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